Growing Great Places Together

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If you have news to share on exciting projects, initiatives or success stories for your CiB program, please send the information or direct link to the CiB article to or call us at (514) 694-8871 for more details.

We’re looking forward to reading about your community!

 *The articles in this section are published under its original language.
  • Plants Love You – Increase your Property Value by Improving your Landscape


    Real estate agents stress the importance of curb appeal when helping homeowners sell their houses because a nicely landscaped and well-maintained property makes a much better first impression for prospective buyers. It sets a positive tone before anyone sets foot in the house, and leaves a positive lasting impression. 

    Research has shown professional landscaping yields an average of 109% return on the investment when a house is sold, significantly higher than other major home improvements such as kitchen renovations and remodelled bathrooms. Although desirable features, as investments they may not yield a positive return when reflected in the selling price.

    Staging the inside of a house for sale, by cleaning, de-cluttering, and providing design accents can improve the selling price and shorten the time on the market. Don’t forget to place potted plants and vases of fresh-cut flowers for the open house.     

    Staging the yard and garden is just as important to improve the selling price and shorten the time on the market. Clean by removing weeds in the lawn, garden and in walkways, dead branches in trees and shrubs, and weak plants. Visually de-clutter by ensuring the lawn is even and green without any bare patches, and flower and garden beds are edged and evenly mulched. Plant colourful annuals and accent entranceways, walkways and patios with planted decorative containers and pots.

    Utilizing landscaping has also become a valuable technique for managers to entice tenants and increase the value of office buildings located in suburban areas, serving as both a marketing and design strategy. Landscaping has the potential to improve office buildings in a multitude of ways, including establishing a sophisticated business image, garnering approval from local residents, and connecting multiple buildings within a single complex.

    Plants Love You and show it by improving your property value.     



    Charles R. Hall, Madeline W. Dickson. 2011. Economic, Environmental, and Health/Well-Being Benefits Associated with Green Industry Products and Services: A Review.  


    Behe, B.,  J. Hardy, S. Barton, J. Brooker, T. Fernandez, C. Hall, J. Hicks, R. Hinson, P. Knight, R. McNiel, T. Page, B. Rowe, C. Safley, and R. Schutzki. 2005. Landscape plant material, size, and design sophistication increase perceived home value. J. Envrion. Hort. 23:127-133.


    Bonan, G.B. 2008. Forests and climate change: Forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests. Science 320:1444-1449.


    Brethour, C., G. Watson, B. Sparling, D. Bucknell, and T.-L. Moore. 2007. Literature review of documented health  and environmental benefits derived from ornamental horticulture products. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Markets and Trade, Ottawa, ON.

    Crompton, J.L. 2004. The proximate principle: The impact of parks, open space and water features on residential property values and the property tax base. National Recreation and Park Association, Ashburn, VA.


    Des Rosiers, F., M. Thériault, Y. Kestens, and P. Villeneuve. 2002. Landscaping and house values: An empirical investigation. Jounal of Real Estate Research 23:139-161.


    Grimm, N.B., D. Foster, P. Groffman, J.M. Grove, C.S. Hopkinson, K.J. Nadelhoffer, D.E. Pataki, and D.P.C. Peters. 2008. The changing landscape: Ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:264-272.


    Laverne, R.J. and K. Winson-Geideman. 2003. The influence of trees and landscaping on rental rates at office buildings. J. Aboriculture 29:281-290.


    Maco, S.E. and E.G. McPherson. 2003. A practical approach to assessing structure, function and value of street tree population in small communities. J. Aboriculture 29:84-97.


    McPherson, E.G. and J. Muchnick. 2005. Effects of street tree shade on asphalt concrete pavement performance. J. Arboriculture 31:303-310.


    Ryan, R.M., N. Weinstein, J. Bernstein, K.W. Brown, L. Mistretta, and M. Gagne. 2010. Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature.  J. Environ. Psychology 30:159-168.


    Wolf, K.L. 2005. Business district streetscapes, trees, and consumer response. J. Forestry 103:396-400.

    Charles R. Hall, Madeline W. Dickson. 2011. Economic, Environmental, and Health/Well-Being Benefits Associated with Green Industry Products and Services: A Review.  


    Economic Benefits of Landscape, Associated Landscape Contractors of America



    Yee, Joseph. (1990). Landscaping as a marketing tool. Journal of property management, 55(4), 45. ISSN: 0022-3905. Retrieved from ABI/INFORM Global database.

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  • Plants Love You: Improve your Concentration and Memory by up to Twenty Percent at Work


    While having a plant on your desk at work adds a welcome splash of natural beauty and colour in your technology-charged business environment, it can also provide an important boost to your day-to-day performance. A recent study indicates people received a twenty percent increase in memory and concentration in the presence of ornamental plants at work. Employees working with flowers and plants also had more creative ideas and solutions to problems they were given.

    Researchers believe the calming influence of a natural environment increases the ability to concentrate on the task at hand. Work performed in the presence of plants was of higher quality and completed more accurately than in an environment without plants.


    With attention-robbing distractions of emails, social media alerts, ringing phones and colleagues in conversation, adding plants to the workplace for a potential twenty percent increase in concentration is a smart move for any office employer to make.


    Charles R. Hall, Madeline W. Dickson. 2011. Economic, Environmental, and Health/Well-Being Benefits Associated with Green Industry Products and Services: A Review.

    Havilland-Jones, J., H. H. Rosario, P. Wilson and T. R. McGuire 2005. An environmental approach to positive emotion: Flowers Evolutionary Psychology 3:104-132.

    Rishbetch, C. and N. Finney. 2006. Novelty and nostalgia in urban greenspace: Refugee perspectives. Tijdschr Econ. Soc. Ge 97:281-295.

    Ryan, R. M., N. Weinstein, J. Berstein, K. W. Brown, L. Mistretta, and M. Gagne. 2010. Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature. J. Environ. Psychology 30:159-168.

    Wilson, P., C. Coffield, and J. Havilland-Jones. 2006. Floral odor prompts positive emotional searches. Chem Senses 31:A142-A142.

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  • Plants Love You: Flowers Make People Happy


    There are virtually unlimited palettes of colour and colour combinations in the kinds of cut flowers available in Canada. Bloom shapes and forms range from simple to complex, symmetrical to radial. An individual bloom viewed up close provides a pleasing  visual experience whether it’s an element of a beautiful arrangement, or a part of a room’s décor. Fragrances flow from gentle scents to bold and evocative aromas.

    The ways the eye and nose can be delighted with flowers are almost unlimited because they are based on our personal preferences. Flowers are naturally beautiful and, for most people, their presence improves the aesthetics and enjoyment of a space.

    Behavioural researchers  have explored the link between flowers and emotion and concluded that flowers are a natural and healthy moderator of moods, having an immediate impact on happiness.

    Research findings at Rutgers University included the following:

    1. Flowers have an immediate impact on happiness. All study participants expressed “true” or “excited” smiles upon receiving flowers, demonstrating extraordinary delight and gratitude. This reaction was universal, occurring in all age groups.

    2. Flowers have a long-term positive effect on moods. Specifically, study participants reported feeling less depressed, anxious, and agitated after receiving flowers, and demonstrated a higher sense of enjoyment and life satisfaction.

    3. Flowers make intimate connections. The presence of flowers led to increased contact with family and friends.

    In another, earlier, study of 100 seniors at Rutgers University by Professor Jeannette Haviland-Jones, flowers also had the following impacts:

    1. Flowers Decrease Depression. Study participants showed a significant increase in happiness and positive moods when flowers were present.  81% of seniors who
    participated in the study reported a reduction in depression following the receipt of flowers.

    2. Flowers Refresh Recent Memory. Seniors performed higher on everyday memory tasks and experienced enriched personal memories in the presence of flowers. 72 % of the seniors who received flowers scored very high on memory tests in comparison with seniors who did not receive flowers.

    3. Flowers Encourage Companionship. Seniors who received flowers re-engaged with members of their communities and enlarged their social contacts to include more neighbours, religious support and even medical personnel. 40% of seniors reported broadening their social contacts beyond their normal social circle of family and close friends.

    Flowers have a long-term positive effect on moods by lowering levels of stress and anxiety. People who kept flowers in their homes felt more relaxed, happier, and expressed more satisfaction with life.

    A 2020 article in Vogue during the COVID-19 pandemic claimed that, people were drawn to flowers more than ever. Google searches for “flower delivery” doubled from March 2019 to March 2020, and Pinterest found searches for “flower boxes” were up 408% year over year. Flowers aren’t essential, but they’re emotional: as society capsizes around us, we search for even the smallest slivers of joys. Beautiful blooms – with their colour, smell, and symmetry – provide the brief solace we desperately seek.

    The potential positive  impact of flowers and gardening extends beyond private residences and also has very positive impacts in hospitals, hotels, respite homes, schools and even prisons!

    The positive impacts are also borne out in science, as flowers trigger our happy brain chemicals:  Dopamine, Oxytocin and Serotonin.  Dopamine is triggered by the expectation of a reward, the blossoming of a flower triggers the sense that something special is coming.   Oxytocin is often called the “bonding hormone: and creates feelings of social trust.  Serotonin is released when a feeling of “social importance” is felt; many of our social rituals exist to satisfy this urge to relate in healthy ways by giving and receiving flowers.

    Whose mood can you improve today?





    Breuning, L.G, 2017. 2017 Why Flowers Make Us Happy. Psychology Today

    Baybutt M., Dooris M. and Farrier A.  Growing health in UK prison settings. Health Promotion International, 2019;34:792-802

    Collins, C.C. and A.M. O’Callaghan. 2008. The impact of horticultural responsibility on health indicators and quality of life in assisted living. HortTechnology 18:611-618.

    Dunnett, N. and M. Qasim. 2000. Perceived benefits to human well-being of urban gardens. HortTechnology 10:40-45.

    Charles R. Hall, Madeline W. Dickson. 2011. Economic, Environmental, and Health/Well-Being Benefits Associated with Green Industry Products and Services: A Review.

    Haviland-Jones J. 2007 Rutgers Behavioral Study links flowers and life satisfaction

    Haviland-Jones J. 2001 Rutgers Flowers & Seniors Study

    Ohly et al. 2016. A systematic review of the health and well-being impacts of school gardening: syntheseis of quantitative and qualitative evidence. BMC Public Health 16:286

    Taylor, A.F. and F.E. Kuo. 2009. Children with attention deficits concentrate better after walk in the park. J. Atten. Disord. 12:402-409.

    Taylor, A.F., F.E. Kuo, and W.C. Sullivan. 2001. Coping with ADD – the surprising connection to green play settings. Environment and Behavior 33:54-77.

    Taylor, A.F., F.E. Kuo, and W.C. Sullivan. 2002. Views of nature and self-discipline: Evidence from inner city children. J. Environ. Psychology 22:49-63.

    Taylor, A.F., A. Wiley, F.E. Kuo, and W.C. Sullivan. 1998. Growing up in the inner city – green spaces as places to grow. Environment and Behavior 30:3-27.

    Taylor, E. 2020 It’s Scientifically Proven that Flowers Make You Fell Better. Vogue Magazine

    Charles R. Hall, Madeline W. Dickson. 2011. Economic, Environmental, and Health/Well-Being Benefits Associated with Green Industry Products and Services: A Review.

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    submitted by Norene Smiley, Pugwash Communities in Bloom

    Huge mulching work parties! Weeding planting up a storm! Preparing for national judges, joining a national garden campaign and planning a community art extravaganza! Pugwash Communities in Bloom volunteers, new and old, met the challenges this summer. Their energy and dedication resulted in lush gardens, planters spilling over with petunias, lots of garden celebrations and artists descending on Eaton Park.

    This July, Pugwash CiB was delighted to host National Communities in Bloom judges, Lorna McIlroy from Grande Prairie AB and Linda Tomlinson from Kelowna BC. During a two-day visit, judges were able to meet representatives from a number of local organizations and businesses, including Friends of the Pugwash Estuary, Cumberland Trails, Sunrise Greenhouses, KGB Recycling, HarbourFest, Open Hamper Food Bank, Pugwash Open Air Gallery, the Tennis/Pickleball Assoc., Sport Pugwash, Bill Mundle Marina, Thinkers Lodge, and many more. Representatives of all three levels of government outlined how our community is administered and funded for new projects including the hospital, Harbourfront Centre Stage, library and tennis/pickleball facility. Pugwash will receive judges’ recommendations in late October during the National CiB Symposium.

    As our part in THE YEAR OF THE GARDEN 2022, a nation-wide program, we offered a number of informative and fun events in our community:


    Celebration of Gardens recognizes and celebrates gardens and the hard work of gardeners in our beautiful village and surrounding area. Container gardens, vegetable gardens and children’s gardens…all being acknowledged. The public was invited to nominate gardens by submitting photos and brief descriptions, gardens were visited and featured on CIB’s Facebook page in August.


    Cyrus Eaton Elementary students planted seeds in their classroom, tending to them and watching them grow this past school year. In the spring they were busy in the gardens, weeding and getting the soil ready to plant their seeds and transplants. During the summer the produce from the various fruit trees and plants was available for the community to pick and enjoy. A group of enthusiastic children from the village, under the guidance a dedicated CIB volunteer, have been busy planting seeds and tending to the gardens during the summer months. They are hoping to have flowers to  pick and share soon!


    This small but thoughtful, and much appreciated, effort saw a number of bouquets of flowers pop up in the village. Delighted ‘finders’ were encouraged to take these beautiful gifts home, compliments of CIB.


    The public was encouraged to share photos of their favourite trees and tell us why on the CIB Facebook page. Our volunteers have been busy in the last few years identifying and planting trees in our village. Paying attention to and protecting the health our trees is a priority of Pugwash CIB.


    Garden lovers were invited to visit three outstanding gardens in our area one hot Saturday in July. Seventy-seven visitors toured gardens on the Gulf Shore (Liz Clarke), Pleasure Cove (Vandewiels) and Prince Albert St.(Valerie Brown) in Pugwash and get pointers and recommendations from experienced gardeners.


    July was also an opportunity to visit gardeners with expertise in growing perennials (Debbie Cameron), vegetables (Dot Pal at the Open Hamper Community Garden) and native plants (Gerald Gloade, Mi’kmawey Debert Cultural Centre) in coordination with the Pugwash Farmers’ Market.

    As part of our Pugwash Open Air Gallery initiative, CIB partnered with Pugwash HarbourFest to host ‘ART IN THE PARK‘ on July 30 in Eaton Park. The focus was on the joy of creating art and featured local artists and artisans and their creations. Activities included:

    • Art Demo Tent – Six Artists demonstrated their creative process and shared information in a free, safe, collaborative environment under a tent in the middle of the community festival. All ages took part in hands-on art-making; asked questions; learned techniques; tried new art mediums. Pottery, tapestry, hooking, painting, natural dying and photography was represented. In addition, one artist received the public at his home gallery.
    • Tie a Knot for Peace – the public was invited to ‘write a message for peace’ on colourful ribbons and tie them to a new steel Peace Sculpture in Eaton Park. This reinforced Pugwash’s history in the peace movement as well as enabled the public to participate in creating the art installation.
    • Guided Art Tour – visitors toured the art installations on a eight-passenger cart pulled by an antique tractor, with guided commentary, learning about the work of local artists included in the Pugwash Open Air Gallery. Visitors to the village could also take their own self-guided walking tour using POAG maps.
    • Artful Trees – seven organizations and businesses decorated trees, adding creative whimsy to Eaton Park.

    Pugwash Communities in Bloom is a proactive, energetic community organization proud of its collaborations with the Village, businesses and other non-profit organizations to make Pugwash a great place to live. If you would like join us, email

    Take me Flowers

    Ronny Wells and his antique tractor pulling the Guided Art Tour cart through the village streets

     Bonnie Bond and Maureen Leahey Tying a Knot for Peace at the new Peace Sculpture


     Visitors to Eaton Park hugged by an Artful Tree during Art in the Park

    The CEE Summer Garden Club planting seeds

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  • Top Picks for Rabbit Resistance

    Top Picks for Rabbit Resistance

    By Sarah Greenwood, Darwin Perennials Global Product Development Manager

    If your landscape designs are frequented by fluffy garden thieves, you might find yourself wondering what plants can coexist with these creatures so that your flowers can thrive in all their nibble-free glory.

    When talking about rabbit resistant plants, it’s worth noting that these are plants that are known to be less favorable to rabbits. However, if they are hungry enough, the rabbits are bound to branch out—meaning there are not really any plants that are completely rabbit proof. With that caveat in mind, here are a few of our favorite rabbit resistant plants to try in your next landscape.

    Delphinium Red Lark
    Nepeta subsessilis Prelude™ Purple

    Achillea (Yarrow)

    Achillea is care-free plant that is popular with pollinators, but its aromatic leaves tend to make rabbits steer clear. Try the Milly Rock series for a nice front of the border plant, or the New Vintage series for a striking middle of the border plant. Both series are covered in colorful flat flower clusters in a range of colors.

    Delphinium (Larkspur)
    Delphiniums are generally left alone by rabbits, quite possibly due to the thick leathery leaves. Whatever the reason, we’re glad they are generally passed by because the flower show is not to be missed. ‘Red Lark brings a stunning new coral red color to the category and is sure to be a favorite!

    Digitalis (Foxglove)
    The beauty of this plant can be enjoyed nibble-free thanks to some natural chemicals found throughout the plant that can be toxic to animals if eaten. Arctic Fox Rose boasts large flower spikes in a stunning peachy rose color that attract pollinators, particularly bumble bees.

    Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker)
    Rabbits generally steer clear of Kniphofia, making it a great choice for late season color in your rabbit resistant garden. Glowstick boasts bright yellow flowers that attract hummingbirds and pollinators with foliage reminiscent of an ornamental grass. Glowstick continues to send up flowers from late summer to frost for a longer color window.

    Lavandula (Lavender)
    While we enjoy lavender for its delightful fragrance, it’s this same pungent aroma that generally deters rabbits from munching on these plants. ‘SuperBlue is an excellent English lavender variety with a compact habit and nice rebloom from a trim.

    Nepeta (Catmint)
    Getting its fragrant foliage from the mint family it belongs to, Nepeta is a great choice for a rabbit resistant perennial. A up your garden presence with Whispurr Pink or Whispurr Blue for a full size Nepeta with a truly impressive flower show. Alternatively, check out Prelude Blue for a landscape powerhouse with more tropical looking foliage and stunning blue flowers.

    Salvia (Meadow Sage)
    Salvia is another member of the mint family, whose strong scent is a deterrent for rabbits. Try All-America Selections Winner ‘Blue by You’ for an early bloomer with a truly prolific flower show. It also has an excellent habit that holds together throughout the season. If you are after an excellent pink flower show, try Rose Marvel whose super-sized blooms are sure to impress.

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  • HUGS for Humboldt becomes a reality

    HUGS for Humboldt becomes a reality

    Author : Karen Stephenson, Scotts Canada

    In April 2018 the Humboldt Broncos, a Canadian junior “A” ice hockey team from Humboldt, Saskatchewan were involved in a terrible tragedy in which 16 people lost their lives. People across Canada and the World were moved by the loss experienced by one small town in Saskatchewan. Like many Canadians, Scotts Canada felt a strong desire to honour those who lost their lives, and so, it partnered with Communities in Bloom and Landscape Saskatchewan / Landscape Alberta to offer the City of Humboldt a memorial garden.  After years of planning and through a global pandemic the work of many volunteers and donors has brought this vision to reality.

    The Humboldt Urban Garden Sanctuary (HUGS) was built to serve as a memorial to the sixteen people that lost their lives as well as to serve as an ongoing sanctuary for healing those that remained behind.  Situated at the Humboldt District Health Facility grounds the hope is that this garden will serve as a place to remember, reflect, and rejuvenate the spirit of the community. The entrance to the garden is highlighted by a raised circular area that is home to the memorial art piece featuring butterflies that represent the human spirit’s ability to heal, mature, and undergo a metamorphosis, allowing it to emerge and soar after cocooning itself. It represents the emergence from grief due to the horrible loss that was experienced by this community.

    The garden contains a number of symbolic elements that were incorporated into the design by Landscape Designer, Christyn Palazzo. The ‘Sunset’ patio is highlighted by 16 shrubs and grasses on the west side of the patio to represent the 16 Humboldt Bronco hockey players and staff that lost their lives. These plantings evoke a sunset representing the continued presence, in the lives of loved ones, of those that perished and the bringing of peace through their memory. The planting beds flanking the sidewalks are designed to represent the shape of angel wings.

    The ‘Sunrise’ patio located in the southeast corner is for the 13 survivors and mirrored with 13 plantings along the east side of the area.  The sunrise represents the healing journey that continues everyday.

    Artist Murray Cook with his sculpture

    The garden was officially opened on June 22, 2022, with a ceremony attended by sponsors of the garden, hospital staff, community members and representatives of the Humboldt Broncos hockey team. Carol Bron, who lost her daughter, Dayna, in the crash and is the official spokesperson for the Broncos said, “This sanctuary is amazing. Being able to see the construction and get my hands dirty helped my healing process. And the friends I made with other volunteers brought happiness to me; happiness that I had been missing for awhile”. On behalf of the Broncos organization and its families, Ms. Bron thanked all the companies and individuals who donated to the project.

    Although there are a few remaining elements of the garden that still need to be installed, the Humboldt Urban Garden Sanctuary, HUGS for short, now welcomes the community to visit in the hopes that they find peace, tranquility, and healing.

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  • Community Gardens Winning Awards

    Community Gardens Winning Awards

    By: Jeff Gibson, Ball Horticultural IGC, Landscape & University Trials Garden Manager

    For the past eight years I’ve had the pleasure to participate as a judge for the All-America Selections (AAS) Display Garden Contest. The theme for the 2021 contest was “Diversity in the Garden.”

    For those of you not familiar with the All-America Selections organization, it is the only public trialing and evaluation program for flowers and vegetables in the United States and Canada. Each year, more than 50 garden sites are provided seed and/or young plants of the newest varieties from plant breeders to evaluate in regional locations. They are judged for performance over the course of a season, and then awarded points. The winners are recognized and promoted to the consumer garden media community as well as to the horticultural industry at large.

    The AAS Display Garden Contest was created to allow public gardens that are not necessarily a trials site to have access to AAS-winning plants, and to help in the promotion of the importance of a program like AAS.

    The contestants for the 2021 design contest were public gardens (large and small) across North America. The gardens were judged on a number of categories: Use of All-America Selections varieties – both flowers and vegetables; incorporation of the chosen theme; publicity and community engagement; and overall garden appearance and appeal.

    I am always struck by the amount of community engagement there is for these gardens. All of them mainly rely on volunteers; only the largest public gardens have staff. So this is truly a grassroots effort! I take judging these gardens very seriously as there are many folks at the sites who have spent hours on planning, planting and maintaining their public garden spaces.

    These designers tend to be enthusiastic gardeners, but not always at a professional level. However, they all are willing to stop and talk about gardening and landscaping. And their exciting designs go a long way to contribute to community beautification efforts in their cities and towns.

    Several of the AAS display garden winners hailed from Canada in 2021, including second-place winner Montreal Botanical Garden (Montreal, Quebec) and third-place winner Domaine Joly-De Lotbinière (Sainte-Croix, Quebec). (Photos courtesy of All-America Selections.)

    Montreal Botanical Garden (Montreal, Quebec)

    Domaine Joly-De Lotbinière (Sainte-Croix, Quebec)

    If you are interested in participating in the annual AAS display garden contest, please visit

    For a list of all 2021 AAS display garden winners, visit

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  • A Garden for Every School!

    A Garden for Every School!

    Scotts Canada Gro for Good – School Garden Edition
    helps Year of the Garden Achieve Its Goal

    By Karen Stephenson Director, Regulatory Affairs & Stakeholder Relations for Scotts Canada

    It’s the Year of the Garden! For many of us who are avid gardeners or subscribe to the belief that garden projects can bring communities together, every year is a year for gardening. But with a light at the end of the pandemic tunnel and over 1.3 million Canadians trying gardening for the first time in the past 2 years, there is even more reason to be excited about the upcoming gardening season. In 2022, it is time to celebrate and appreciate all that gardens and gardening have provided for us over the decades and especially over these last few difficult years. We believe that Year of the Garden 2022 has come at an opportune time to help all Canadians emerge from the pandemic and celebrate together.

    Scotts believes in the power of gardening, and that is why we have aligned ourselves with many of the objectives that have been set for the Year of the Garden 2022. One of the ways we are recognizing the Year of the Garden is with our Gro for Good – School Edition Grant program. This year in addition to our usual Gro for Good Grants, Scotts Canada has offered schools across Canada the opportunity to be awarded a special grant to build or expand a garden. This supports the Year of the Garden’s objective to see a garden at every school.

    School gardens provide unique benefits for both educators and students. From an educator’s perspective gardens provide an action-oriented learning experience, allowing them to turn their school yards into outdoor classrooms. Numerous subjects can be addressed when engaging in gardening – topics ranging from plant biology to food sustainability. Used as a tool for learning, gardens can bring together many disciplines in a meaningful way, such as science, math, language arts, social sciences, and art.

    Students also receive countless benefits from digging in the soil, nurturing seedlings, watching their garden grow, and harvesting their crops.  School gardens can become vital learning environments that allow students to:
    • Engage in hands-on learning about issues effecting plant nutrients, soil science, food production, and lifecycles;
    • Get outdoors and engage in physical activity;
    • Learn about nutrition, health, and food security;
    • Build environmental knowledge and stewardship skills; and
    • Foster collaboration, teamwork, and leadership in the community. 

    With so many benefits, it is no surprise that advocates for gardening and horticulture aim to have a garden at every school in Canada. Scotts Canada is pleased to be making a contribution to that goal with this year’s Gro for Good – School Garden Edition Grants. We are looking forward to a year long celebration of gardens and gardening. And whether you are young or just young at heart, everyone is welcome to join the gardening family!

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  • Hot tips for the cool season

    Hot tips for the cool season

    Freshen up spring with these pops of colour
    By Jeff Gibson, Ball Landscape Business Manager

    When the weather breaks and landscapes burst forth with renewed colour, it lifts our spirits and excites us for the spring season ahead. It’s unfortunate this time of year is so short-lived, but you still can offer customers that brief “pop of colour” using tried-and-true pansy and viola varieties, along with other plants that can take the chill. Here’s a few fresh and colourful plant recommendations.

    Spreading Pansy Cool Wave® Raspberry Swirl & Strawberry Swirl

    Spreading pansies are THE choice for early-spring hanging baskets and containers. You’ll want your grower to provide them in 5″/12cm pots to maximize their spreading habit.

    Alyssum Snow Crystals
    Alyssum Clear Crystal® Lavender Shades

    An added bonus to these alyssum choices is their softly fragrant blooms. Perfect for baskets or spillers in containers.

    Dianthus Coronet™ Strawberry

    Crowned with huge flowers, this low-growing dianthus makes a colourful statement in landscape borders or planters.

    Pansy Panola® Silhouette Mixture

    As its name implies, Panola is a pansy that acts like a viola – the best of both worlds! The plants have larger flowers, stand up to the weather, and have a vigorous habit for good flower show.

    Viola Sorbet® XP Lemon Jump Up

    The “XP” stands for Extra Performance. These plants are small but mighty – tough, tough, tough! Best planted in masses 6″/15cm on center. They have fast fill-in and are rain, snow and wind tolerant.

    Tips for success

    Choosing spring flower colours may be a simple process, but it’s a successful installation that makes all the difference. Here are a few additional pointers from the experts at Ball.

    Bigger IS better. For northern landscapers, planting pansies into soil that’s roughly 10°C or cooler in spring is your biggest challenge to plant growth and fill-in. Installing bigger plants in larger containers will get you over that. “Cracking colour” is the state you want your plants to be in when you receive them. Work with your grower to harden off the plants (finish them outside) prior to planting.

    Avoid root compaction – period! Disease will easily set in if you plant pansies into compacted soils in the spring. Compaction doesn’t allow rapid root development and can aggravate water sitting at the root level, leading to water logging and disease. Most growers will apply a fungicide prior to ship. Ask if that’s the case.

    Lack of feed shortens bed time on pansies. Liquid fertilizer is best 1 to 1.5 weeks after planting to supercharge the roots. Purple leaves mean “feed me” (phosphorus in particular). That will get your pansies to look their best until the summer turn. Pansies are one of the low pH-loving plants (others are petunias and primulas).

    With these helpful tips and fresh recommendations of colour, it will be easy for you to enjoy the early season.


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  • Fall Behind, Spring Forward

    Fall Behind, Spring Forward

    By Jeff Gibson Ball Seed Landscape Business Manager

    No, the title of this article doesn’t have to do with changing your clocks back. I’m talking about having our scheduled Fall landscape plantings behind us, and taking the time now to think about your Spring and Summer plantings for 2021.

    But you may be thinking, “My clients can’t even think about that right now. They are still months away from making up their minds for Spring, let alone Summer color!”

    Any other year that would be fine and good. But be warned: The COVID-19 outbreak has created an unprecedented demand for plants at garden retailers and for residential landscapes. The predictions are positive for similar demand for next year. Many growers – particularly nursery growers – anticipate higher demand and earlier. So if you’re waiting to book Spring and Summer color for later, you may want to contact your grower NOW to re-confirm order-by dates or give them a preliminary order for what you know you have on contract already.

    As for what to order, here are a few items to consider adding to your color containers and planting beds for next season.

    Beacon® Impatiens are living up to the promise of being highly resistant to Impatiens downy mildew as cooler, wetter nights settle in. Beacon Rose is a new color added to the series for 2021.

    Marvel II™ African Marigold will be a taller (18″/46cm) solution for gold, yellow and orange Summer plantings. Double Zahara™ Yellow Improved Zinnia would also work for hot and dry areas needing a pop of color.

    For containers or mixed combinations, award-winning Bee’s Knees Petunia is a fantastic new yellow that lasts all summer long.


    For residential clients hoping to attract pollinators (birds, bees and butterflies), the new Echinacea Artisan™ collection would be perfect for sunny landscapes. Two new colors are launched: Red Ombre and Soft Orange.


    For a comprehensive look at 2021 new varieties, visit Let’s keep the excitement flowing for plants in the new year, but remember: Better planning starts with earlier communication.

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  • Gardening in the classroom!

    Gardening in the classroom!

    In light of Covid-19, the Nutrient for Life Foundation is still reaching out to students in the classroom. In early October, Regional Manager Kent Lewarne was invited into Crystal City Early Years School, Manitoba. Kent worked with Mrs. Leadbeater to ensure all of the activities followed their Covid-19 school protocols to keep everyone safe.

    Over the hour and a half presentation, Kent had the students busy learning about soil and what plants need to grow. To ensure the students have success with growing, they used one of the Foundations light gardens.

    Here are these activities:

    1. “Roots and Shoots” – Wrapped paper towel around a pencil, placed it in a test tube and then placed four seed between glass and paper towel (two bean, two radish) and wet the paper towel. The students were able to watch the seeds germinate and grow of roots and shoots.


    1. Soil Types – Students each received two small bags of soil. One was a Sandy Soil from a local potato field. Students were led through the beginnings of hand texturing: they saw that the sandy soil made a very fragile ball and broke apart easily. We then went on to the second sample which was a clay soil from near the Red River: students saw that this soil made a fantastic ball and we could make a “snake” and flatten it.


    1. Which Soil is the Best? – Student received three samples of soil – a sandy soil, a garden soil and a potting soil. Students filled one “peat pot” with each soil and added lettuce Seeds. They labelled each pot with a stick and compared the growth of lettuce in the three growing mediums over the following weeks.


    1. Wheatgrass – finally with the potting soil the students had left we placed it in a cup and covered the surface with wheat seeds. Many students live on a farm but not many have seen wheat germinate up close. The teacher will later let them give their cups a “Haircut”. The teacher is hopeful that she can make wheatgrass juice from it and smoothies for her class if Covid rules allow.


    If you would like to learn more about our Nutrients for Life or to invite us to your local school, please send an email to Visit our website for free downloads, soil and plant science materials.

    Our Vision

    The soil beneath our feet is the foundation for world food security. By leading the development and delivery of plant nutrient educational programming we ensure Canadians are informed and contributing to solutions that sustainably grow healthy plants and protect our land, air and water for future generations.

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  • Grazie mille a Cervia !

    Cervia is well known in Europe for the annual Cervia Città Giardino (Cervia Garden City), a widespread exhibition of gardens and horticultural display in public areas throughout the municipality.

    The event, which held, in “COVID-19” mode, its 48th edition in 2020, involves each year more than 60 participants among institutions, schools and various organizations along with mostly European cities to offer the best and most stunning artworks that can be created with plants and flowers.

    Since 2016, Asproflor has coordinated the creation of a “Communities in Bloom Garden” to  recognize their involvement in the International Challenge.  Mauro Paradisi, Construction Engineer from Turin, a Judge for Comuni Fioriti and International Judge for Communities in Bloom has designed and constructed the gardens.

    In 2016, the garden introduced Communities in Bloom, in 2017 Canada’s 150th Anniversary was celebrated and in 2018, the garden featured Strathcona County Alberta, host of the Symposium and Awards.

    In 2019, the City of Castlegar BC and Lewes DE USA, under the artful guidance of Evelyn Alemanni (Escondido, CA USA), a Communities in Bloom International judge, were the first communities to represent Communities in Bloom by building their own gardens.  Two groups of volunteers gardeners traveled to Cervia to build their gardens, with the generous support of Cervia, its gardeners and citizens.

















    In 2020, faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, Cervia decided to hold, respecting health authorities guidelines, the 48th edition, by having their staff replicate the 2019 gardens …all on their own: a true testament to their dedication: Grazie Mille, Cervia !

    Comune di Cervia, as it does every year, maintained the gardens throughout the summer.  The gardens and their communities are featured with descriptive signage on site, on line and in promotional publications.

    Communities in Bloom is thankful to Cervia Città di Giardino for demonstrating the values of horticulture, green spaces and floral displays …and for promoting the program and showcasing our communities.

    Here is a link to their latest video that shows how much their citizens care about greenery  :

    The participation of Canada in Cervia Città di Giardino has an additional “Canadian” meaning as Cervia was amongst the Italian communities liberated by the Canadian Armed Forces in October 1944 during the battles of WWII: 5 Canadian Soldiers lost their lives during the battles for the liberation of Cervia.

    To this date, in recognition of the liberation and the support provided following the battles, Cervia honors their memory every year with an annual ceremony on October 22.  In 2017, a new plaque honoring all five fallen soldier was unveiled at Piazza Garibaldi as part of a re-enactment of the liberation of Cervia.

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  • Town of Castor Benefits from Green Jobs Initiative

    The Town of Castor, Alberta offers many outdoor spaces – including the community’s walking trails, fish pond, and creek.

    This summer, these spaces were maintained and beautified for residents and visitors to enjoy.

    Thanks to funding from the CPRA’s Green Jobs Initiative, which is funded in part by the Government of Canada’s Summer Work Experience program, the Town of Castor was able to hire university student Shaelyn Hewitt as a Green Initiatives Coordinator.

    “My job allows me to beautify green spaces and turn them into something people can enjoy,” says Shaelyn, adding that people feel encouraged to go outside and appreciate nature more when everything is well maintained. “Our town has many trails, parks and sitting areas outdoors we take care of for everyone to enjoy.”

    As Green Initiatives Coordinator, Shaelyn kept the town looking its best. Among many of her tasks, she watered plants, cut the grass, and trimmed trees.

    But Natasha Bozek, the Town of Castor’s Recreation Director, says that there was much more to Shaelyn’s job.

    “While many of our summer positions are focused on grass cutting, tree trimming and garbage collection, this job also focused on a recycling program, tree planting program planning, organic weed control, waste reduction strategies and green space beautification,” says Natasha.

    She adds that Shaelyn’s green job enabled the Town to move its green initiatives forward, and showed residents that its green spaces are valued.

    “It shows our residents that we are working on making our community a better place to live, work and play,” says Natasha.

    The funding also allowed the Town to dedicate resources to green initiatives, which Natasha says may otherwise not have been prioritized.

    If given the opportunity, Natasha says the Town would definitely apply for the funding again.

    “It is always of great help to a small town to have additional student support, and renewed funding would allow us to continue to work on green initiatives in the future,” she says.

    Shaelyn adds that this is the third year she has worked a summer job in the town’s public works department, and she feels like she is making a difference in the community. Through her work, she has gained a new perspective of what goes into public works and how it helps people enjoy the outdoors and appreciate nature.

    “It’s much more than just ‘keeping the town pretty’. There are many aspects of my job that I enjoy. I work alongside incredible staff which makes my job a lot of fun,” she says, noting that she would love the opportunity to work for the town again. “I love having a job that keeps me active and outside all summer. Having an opportunity to have so much control over what our town looks like is an honour. I love being able to create a nice space for our citizens to enjoy.”

    The CPRA’s Green Jobs Initiative supports Goal 3 ‘Connecting People & Nature’ and Goal 5 ‘Recreation Capacity’ within the Framework for Recreation in Canada. The Framework serves as a foundation for the work of the parks and recreation sector.


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  • Parks, Trails and COVID 19

    Well the year 2020 will be a year we will remember for a very long time. It feels like we went to bed and woke up to a completely different world. This new world we woke up to significantly changed how we managed our daily life. It didn’t just change our lives in Canada but around the whole world. What became clearly evident very early in the pandemic was how people would react to what would be the new normal for months to come.

    Initially you would think that food, communication, and finances would be front and centre, however there was an unexplained infatuation to hoard, of all things, toilet paper. Yes, toilet paper or lack of, caused what we would consider normal balanced citizens to engage in unprecedented line ups, arguments, price gouging and even unethical reselling at inflated prices.

    Thankfully this wave of misguided panic slowly subsided and very quickly the real issues began to emerge. As the positive cases of Covid 19 increased including major sickness and deaths, reality had set in and now there were a whole new set of rules. One of those new normal rules to come into effect was initially called Social Distancing, later to be referred to as Physical Distancing which better articulated the intent of the rule. This one new rule, or mandated behaviour would change the way we communicated, recreated and moved within our communities. Not only did this new Physical Distancing mandate effect our personal lives, it spilled over into every business and service area in Canada including our Parks and Trails Sector.

    Our Parks and Trails professionals are no strangers to challenging situations whether they are in the form of ice storms, SARS, flooding, snowstorms, power outages and tornadoes to name a few. With all that in mind no previous event posed as many challenges to our Parks and Trails sector as the Covid 19 Pandemic.

    What made things initially challenging was the speed at which it was spreading, and how quickly strategies and decision making was occurring as it related to how we were to manage our Parks and Trails. What became increasingly clear from the outset was the interpretation of the direction from our senior public officials was being interpreted differently and inconsistently across the country. It started with playgrounds and the hope was to see physical distancing being practiced in each community. For many reasons this did not work as adults and children continued to use the playgrounds and park amenities in their usual manner. The same result was seen on trails where physical distancing was not working and parking lots, playgrounds, benches, beaches and various park amenities were being heavily used. This became especially apparent when the weather began to warm up and people needed to get out for some respite from being asked to stay inside.

    These actions necessitated more drastic measure be taken in the form of closing off playgrounds, parks amenities, beaches and in some cases Parks and Trails. Unfortunately, these closures were not done on a consistent basis and became a sore spot with communities who desperately needed to escape from their safe place and get out for some fresh air and healthy exercise. Standing in line for food shopping and following the in-store arrows was hard enough but not being able to get out for a walk in the park, or a sit down on a bench was a harder pill to swallow. Not to mention what to do with the children who were now not going to school and in much need of letting off steam.

    I must commend our leaders across the country who, on a daily basis, after much consultation and strategizing with public health officials, were trying to make the best decisions they could to flatten the curve and beat this virus. That task, however, was proving to be harder than expected. As a result a more aggressive approach was required, mostly because of the behaviour of many citizens of all ages who just didn’t get the physical distancing message.

    We were now faced with park closures, trail closures, playground closures, washroom closures, and even restrictions on how many people could come together at one time which eventually ended up being restricted to family members living in the same house. Failure to comply resulted in fines ranging from 750 dollars to 10 thousand dollars depending on the situation. Yes, because of human behaviour desperate times had called for desperate measures. These decisions did not sit well with many citizens who needed their daily dose of fresh air, and physical activity. Walking around the block was just not doing it for them, not to mention the children.

    The fact is these actions had a positive impact of flattening the curve and getting the community spread under control. As I write this article Dr. Tam is advising us to stay the course as we come down the good side of the curve so that we reduce the impact of a second wave.  Premier Ford has just announced that in the coming days there will be good news for garden centres, and yet at the same time we have the Cherry Blossom tour in High Park in Toronto closed off to the public.

    As I keep in regular contact with our Municipal Parks and Trails professionals, and as I monitor our Ontario Parks Association daily live information Forum, it is abundantly clear that we need to greatly enhance our ability to share policies and procedures with our sector, whether they are from a small rural community or a booming metropolis. Large or small the expectation of our park patrons is the same wherever you go.  So, as our Parks and Trails professionals tweak their signage, limit their seasonal call backs, reduce the number of student hires, scramble access online training, they will still be able to deliver enough services to protect the assets from excessive deterioration at this time. This includes our trees, flower beds, sport fields, community gardens, beaches and naturalized areas because to abandon them entirely would result in very costly rebuilding and in some cases complete loss of the asset due to erosion, invasive infestations or out of control growth.

    At this time a very careful balance must be achieved whereby our parks professionals must maintain and preserve the green infrastructure assets and amenities, albeit  to a minimum, while still allowing for our citizens to be able to find creative ways to get out and get their much needed nature and healthy activity fix. This is where we may see changes in what could become the new normal in parks, trails and outdoor recreation.

    The following bullet points represent areas of current discussion in the Parks and Trail sector which have been impacted by the Covid 19 experience.

    • As an alternative to full closure of parks and trail amenities there needs to be a more wholesome discussion about the obvious physical and mental health benefits of controlled and monitored outdoor activity in order to reduce stress, violence and less pressure on police and healthcare resources.
    • Adjustments to Park and Trail design to accommodate more efficient distancing goals such as wider trails, one-way paths or trails with an alternative one-way loop or return.
    • LED or manual Park gateway and Trailhead signs or information boards highlighting physical distancing and social grouping protocols.
    • Live Webcam in hot spots or areas of concern where allowed, in order to monitor non-compliance.
    • Greater use of Parks and Trail apps where distancing and park and trail etiquette is clearly articulated.
    • Pre-set park and or trail capacities to avoid over-crowding combined with on-site monitoring in high use areas.
    • Establish Parks and Trails Ambassadors to have a presence in high density areas. Could be a student or volunteer program depending on the community.
    • Handwash or sanitizing stations on sites of high touch surfaces such as playgrounds and exercise equipment.
    • Educational information on Parks and Trail safe use policies as part of the school curriculum.
    • In park or on trail prompts or makers to simplify or remind users to practice distancing.
    • Proactive education and media communication vs issuing tickets unless in extreme non-compliance.
    • Smaller or single seat benches.
    • More emphasis on online training models where the bulk of training can be done online and then backed up with practical demonstrated ability.
    • Crew sizes including transportation in vehicles may be restricted going forward to continue physical distancing compliance.

    These are some of the potential changes or enhancements we may expect in the delivery of our Parks, Trail and Outdoor Recreation services, and I expect there will be more to come.

    Something that will have a significant impact on future events like this pandemic is how we position our Parks, Trails and Outdoor Recreation amenities within our Strategic Plans. A solid argument can be made if we incorporate organizations like Eco Health Ontario, Green Infrastructure Ontario, and other like organizations across the country to provide the science-based data on the value of our living green infrastructure to the physical and mental health and well-being of our citizens. I firmly believe that there is more than enough data available to make the argument that our Parks and Trails are essential services, and in order to safely negotiate these challenges provided they are properly managed and monitored.

    In closing I would like to thank all the Parks, Trails and Outdoor Recreation professionals out there who keep our connection to physical and mental health a positive one. In addition I commend the political leadership at all levels for doing their best under adverse conditions, and I appeal to them to take an in depth look at the Biophilic connection we have with nature and how maintaining access to these spaces, when properly managed, are part of the solution and not part of the family.

    Congratulations to Canadian Nursery and Landscape Association who have joined forces with the National Communities in Bloom organization in providing leadership and the facilitation of the cultural and horticultural beautification of bringing Canadian Communities Alive.

    Be kind and stay safe.

    Paul Ronan
    Executive Director
    Ontario Parks Association

    Cell: 647-991-9444




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